Scenarios for the Energy Transition: Experience and Good Practices in Africa

IRENA presents findings from the Long-Term Energy Scenario series in partnership with GET.transform
solar farm, South Africa
© istock/Douwdejager

A new IRENA report explores good practices in the development and use of Long-Term Energy Scenarios (LTES) in Africa. The report summarises insights from the webinar series “LTES for Developing National Energy Transition Plans in Africa” which took place in 2022. Forming part of IRENA’s LTES Network, the series was delivered in partnership with GET.transform, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Ministry of Energy of Kenya and the African Union Commission. 

Nine countries with robust energy planning processes shared their good practices: Botswana, Egypt, Eswatini, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa (represented by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) and Tunisia. The national presentations were complemented by regional experiences from the Mediterranean Transmission System Operator (Med-TSO), West African Power Pool (WAPP) and Eastern African Power Pool (EAPP). 

The resulting report explores the governance structure around the development and use of LTES and institutional efforts to enhance them. All the participating countries regularly update their energy plans with an interval of 3-5 years. Another feature most countries applied was broad stakeholder participation in their LTES development. This can take the shape of inviting international perspectives into national planning, coordinating through inter-institutional committees to ensure up-to-date information sharing or securing a multi-stakeholder set-up in the modelling through governmental bodies, the private sector, research and academia. Such approaches help to strengthen and improve scenarios by building consensus around policy development among stakeholders with differing priorities.

The report also touches on:

  • the scenario-building process as a decisive information-gathering tool
  • how diverse communication channels can be used to reach a wide group of stakeholders
  • how capacity can be built and sustained in local units

Download the report at irena.org.

Cover of the IRENA report "Scenarios for the Energy Transition" (Africa)